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Idiom #247 Filter list in-place

Remove all the elements from list x that don't satisfy the predicate p, without allocating a new list.
Keep all the elements that do satisfy p.

For languages that don't have mutable lists, refer to idiom #57 instead.

#include <list>
#include <functional>
std::list<Foo> x;
x.remove_if(std::not_fn(p));
#include <functional>
std::erase_if(x, std::not_fn(p));
x.RemoveAll(item => !p(item));
j := 0
for i, v := range x {
	if p(v) {
		x[j] = x[i]
		j++
	}
}
x = x[:j]
for i, v := range x {
	if p(v) {
		x[j] = x[i]
		j++
	}
}
for k := j; k < len(x); k++ {
	x[k] = nil
}
x = x[:j]
for (const [key, value] of x.entries()) {
	if (!p(value)) x.splice(key, 1);
}
classes
for i := x.count-1 downto 0 do
  if not p(x.items[i]) then x.delete(i);
@x = grep { p($_) } @x;
del_count = 0
for i in range(len(x)):
    if not p(x[i - del_count]):
        del x[i - del_count]
        del_count += 1
x.select!(&:p)
let mut j = 0;
for i in 0..x.len() {
    if p(x[i]) {
        x[j] = x[i];
        j += 1;
    }
}
x.truncate(j);
x.retain(p);

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